Basic Polish verbs – Guide to Polish Verbs


Basic Polish verbs – Guide to Polish Verbs

Basic Polish verbs – Guide to Polish Verbs

Polish verbs follow a complex system of conjugation that can be challenging for beginners to master. The conjugation pattern of a Polish verb will determine how it changes based on its ending and the pronoun associated with it. In Poland, where Polish is the official language, it is important to be able to speak Polish correctly in order to communicate effectively. Learning Polish verbs is a crucial part of Polish lessons, as verbs are the action words that form the backbone of Polish sentences.

Polish verb conjugation can be divided into two main categories: imperfective and perfective. Verbs in the perfective aspect describe a completed action, while imperfective verbs describe actions that are ongoing or repeated. The conjugation rules for Polish verbs are quite grammatical and can be tricky for beginners to grasp. However, with practice, you can learn to conjugate Polish verbs correctly.

When learning Polish, it is important to familiarize yourself with the verb forms and conjugation patterns of commonly used verbs. Some verbs like “to be,” “to have,” and “to go” have irregular conjugation patterns and must be memorized individually. In the present tense, Polish verbs often drop the pronoun as the verb form indicates the subject. A Polish verb conjugation table can help you see how verbs in different tenses and moods are conjugated.

As a beginner, it is helpful to focus on learning the 100 most common Polish verbs and common Polish verbs for beginners. These verbs are frequently used in everyday conversation and will help you build a strong foundation in Polish. Whether you are using Polish online resources or attending Polish lessons in person, practicing verb conjugation

What are basic Polish verbs?

Here are some basic Polish verbs:
być – to be
mieć – to have
robić – to do
mówić – to speak
widzieć – to see
iść – to go
chcieć – to want
mieć – to be able to
kupować – to buy
jeść – to eat 

How do polish verbs function in the Polish language?

In the Polish language, verbs play a crucial role in constructing sentences and conveying meaning, much like in other languages. However, Polish verbs possess specific characteristics regarding their forms, usage, and the information they convey, primarily due to its inflectional nature and its belonging to the Slavic language family. Here are the key aspects of how verbs function in the Polish language:


Polish verbs are highly inflected, which means they change their form to indicate various grammatical categories such as person (first, second, third), number (singular, plural), tense (past, present, future), mood (indicative, imperative, conditional), and aspect (perfective, imperfective).


One of the unique features of Polish verbs, as with many Slavic languages, is the concept of grammatical aspect: perfective and imperfective. This distinction expresses how an action relates to time—whether it is completed (perfective) or ongoing/incomplete (imperfective). Sometimes, this requires using entirely different verbs; other times, it involves derivational changes in the same verb.


Polish verbs express various tenses: past, present, and future. The present tense is only used with imperfective verbs. For perfective verbs, what is conceptually similar to a future tense is used instead. The past and future tenses are indicated through conjugated forms and auxiliary verbs.


Verbs in Polish also express different moods, which give sentences different nuances of meaning. The indicative mood describes facts and actual situations; the imperative mood is used for commands and requests; and the conditional or subjunctive mood (tryb przypuszczający) is used to express wishes, hypotheses, or possibilities.


Verb forms must agree with their subjects in person and number. This means the ending of the verb changes to reflect the subject performing the action. In compound tenses, verbs also agree in gender with their subjects, particularly noticeable in the past tense and conditional mood.


Polish employs reflexive verbs, where the action of the verb is performed on the subject itself. This is similar to the concept of reflexive verbs in languages like Spanish and French but is a notable feature in Slavic languages. Reflexive verbs are typically marked by the reflexive pronoun “się.”


Although not as prominent as in some other languages, Polish does have active and passive voices. The passive voice is formed using a combination of the auxiliary verb “być” (to be) with the past participle of a verb. However, in many cases, the passive voice is avoided in favor of other constructions, such as reflexive verbal forms or impersonal constructions.
### 8. Negation
Negation in Polish often involves simply adding the word “nie” before the verb. 

FAQs about Polish verbs

When embarking on the journey of language learning in Polish, understanding the nuances of Polish conjugation and grammar is vital. At the heart of Polish grammar, verbs play a crucial role, transforming simple Polish words into articulate statements. Verbs in Polish are mainly categorized by their infinitive form, the imperfective aspect, or the perfective aspect, indicating actions that are ongoing or completed, respectively. Tools like Cooljugator offer a hands-on approach to demystify the often daunting task of mastering Polish verb conjugation rules. For beginners and advanced learners alike, recognizing the patterns in regular Polish verb conjugation and the anomalies in irregular Polish verbs is key to building a solid foundation in the language.

One of the intriguing features of Polish is that subjects are often dropped in Polish sentences, as the form of the verb conveys the subject’s number and person. This means the form of the verb tells you who is performing the action without needing the pronoun explicitly. Learning the conjugation of Polish verbs in the present tense is usually the starting point for many learners because it lays the groundwork for forming basic sentences in Polish. With over 25 Polish verbs in the present tense considered as some of the important Polish verbs, mastering them can significantly enhance your ability to communicate efficiently. However, the journey from recognition to mastery involves navigating the complexities of irregular verbs alongside the main verbs.

For those willing to do whatever it takes to fully immerse themselves into the Polish language, whether for romance or personal achievement, there’s a silver lining. Interactive platforms like PolishPod101 offer comprehensive audio and video lessons tailored to all levels of proficiency. They intricately cover conjugation groups, the conjugation in both the imperfective and perfective aspects, and the forms in the past tense. So, whether you’re in Poland for a quick visit or making it your new home, knowing how to conjugate the verb “to be” and other essential verbs in various tenses will prove invaluable. Imagine ordering in a restaurant or asking for directions using correctly conjugated Polish phrases; it not only opens up a new world

Polish conjugation can appear daunting for learners at first sight, but understanding its structure is essential for mastering Polish grammar. The grammar of Polish verbs is a complex system that involves the modification of Polish words to express different tenses, moods, and aspects. Each verb starts with its base form, known as the infinitive, which can then be transformed according to Polish verb conjugation rules. One of the key aspects to grasp is the imperfective aspect, which denotes an action that is ongoing or repeated. Resources like Cooljugator can be immensely helpful for language learning enthusiasts looking to conquer the intricacies of conjugation of Polish verbs.

Regular Polish verb conjugation follows certain patterns, making it somewhat predictable. However, learners will also encounter a fair share of irregular Polish verbs that deviate from these norms. Knowing the most important Polish verbs and their conjugation patterns can significantly improve communication skills, as these main verbs appear frequently in everyday Polish phrases. It’s worth noting that the subject pronoun is often dropped in Polish, as the form of the verb itself often clearly indicates the subject. This feature emphasizes the importance of understanding verb conjugations for constructing a correct sentence in Polish.

For those you’re in Poland or interacting in Polish, learning verbs in the present tense, as well as forms in the past tense, is crucial. The process is facilitated by dividing verbs into different conjugation groups, within which they follow similar patterns. While 25 Polish irregular verbs may seem like a hurdle, with perseverance, learners find that these exceptions become more manageable. The verb “to be” is a cornerstone of Polish grammar, used in countless Polish phrases and essential for those romance and are willing to do whatever it takes to meet new people and immerse themselves in the culture.

As you embark on this journey, remember that practice and exposure are key. Engaging with audio and video lessons from platforms like Rights Reserved. can dramatically enhance your understanding and fluency

When delving into the complexities of Polish grammar, one can quickly observe that Polish verb conjugation rules are a significant aspect that demands attention. In learning the conjugation of Polish verbs, the infinitive form of the verb is an essential starting point. This is the base form from which all conjugations derive. Polish verbs are primarily divided based on aspect: they can be either imperfective aspect, indicating an ongoing or repeated action, or perfective, indicating a completed action. Moreover, important Polish verbs often display an irregular Polish pattern in their conjugation, deviating from the standard regular Polish verb conjugation rules. This irregularity can extend to changes in the verb stem, making memorization of these forms a crucial part of mastering the language. It’s also noteworthy that subjects are often dropped in Polish, as the verb endings indicate the subject, making context key to understanding a sentence in Polish.

One of the most efficient tools for mastering these nuances in verb conjugations is a platform known as CoolJugator. It offers extensive resources, including audio and video lessons, specifically tailored for language learning. Here, learners can find 25 Polish verbs among the main verbs and explore their various forms, including those that are notoriously complex due to their irregular verbs status. When you’re in Poland, knowledge of essential Polish phrases and the ability to conjugate verbs in the present tense can enhance communication significantly. Whether it’s the verb “to be” or other important Polish verbs, understanding their use in context can be profoundly beneficial.

Moreover, the Polish conjugation process extends beyond the present tense, encompassing forms in the past tense and future constructions. Learning these forms is made more accessible by categorizing verbs into different conjugation groups, although this is further complicated by the presence of Polish words that follow irregular Polish conjugation patterns. For those who are romanced by the Polish language and are willing to do whatever it takes to meet the challenge of fluency, resources such as, with its rights reserved, offer structured lesson plans. These resources frequently include audio and video lessons that not only focus on Polish verb conjugation rules

Fill out this form to Start Learning Polish Today!