How to Conjugate Polish Verbs: Present Tense


How to Conjugate Polish Verbs: Present Tense

Something new

Are you learning Polish and struggling with verb conjugations? You’re not alone. Conjugating Polish verbs, especially in the present tense, can be challenging for beginners. This article will guide you through the basics of conjugating Polish verbs in the present tense. We’ll break down the process into easy-to-understand steps and provide examples to help you master this essential aspect of the Polish language.

Understanding Polish Verb Conjugation

What is Verb Conjugation?

Verb conjugation in Polish, as in many languages, involves changing the verb form to correspond with the subject of the sentence. This means that the verb changes depending on who is performing the action. In Polish, verbs are conjugated based on the subject’s person (first, second, third) and number (singular or plural).

Why is Verb Conjugation Important?

Understanding how to conjugate verbs is crucial for communicating effectively in Polish. Without proper conjugation, sentences can become unclear or incorrect. Mastering verb conjugation will significantly enhance your ability to speak and write in Polish.

Conjugating Polish Verbs in the Present Tense

Identifying the Verb Stem

Before you can conjugate a verb, you need to identify its stem. The stem is the part of the verb that remains constant while the endings change. To find the stem, remove the -ć from the infinitive form of the verb. For example:

  • Infinitive: robić (to do)
  • Stem: robi-

Adding Present Tense Endings

Once you have the stem, you can add the appropriate endings based on the subject. The endings for regular verbs in the present tense are as follows:

For verbs ending in -ać, -eć, -ić, and -yć:


  • 1st person: -ę (I)
    • Example: robię (I do)
  • 2nd person: -esz (you)
    • Example: robisz (you do)
  • 3rd person: -e (he/she/it)
    • Example: robi (he/she/it does)


  • 1st person: -emy (we)
    • Example: robimy (we do)
  • 2nd person: -ecie (you all)
    • Example: robicie (you all do)
  • 3rd person: -ą (they)
    • Example: robią (they do)

Irregular Verbs

Not all Polish verbs follow the regular conjugation patterns. Some common irregular verbs include “być” (to be), “mieć” (to have), and “iść” (to go). Here are their present tense forms:

  • Być (to be)
    • Ja jestem (I am)
    • Ty jesteś (you are)
    • On/ona/ono jest (he/she/it is)
    • My jesteśmy (we are)
    • Wy jesteście (you all are)
    • Oni/one są (they are)
  • Mieć (to have)
    • Ja mam (I have)
    • Ty masz (you have)
    • On/ona/ono ma (he/she/it has)
    • My mamy (we have)
    • Wy macie (you all have)
    • Oni/one mają (they have)
  • Iść (to go)
    • Ja idę (I go)
    • Ty idziesz (you go)
    • On/ona/ono idzie (he/she/it goes)
    • My idziemy (we go)
    • Wy idziecie (you all go)
    • Oni/one idą (they go)

Tips for Practicing Polish Verb Conjugation

  1. Practice Regularly: Conjugating verbs becomes easier with regular practice. Try to conjugate a few verbs each day.
  2. Use Flashcards: Create flashcards with different verbs and their conjugations to test yourself.
  3. Engage with Native Speakers: Practicing with native speakers can help you understand the context and correct usage.
  4. Utilize Online Resources: There are many online tools and apps designed to help with Polish verb conjugation. Use them to supplement your learning.


Conjugating Polish verbs in the present tense is a fundamental skill for anyone learning the language. By understanding the patterns and practicing regularly, you can master this aspect of Polish and improve your overall fluency. Remember to be patient with yourself and take advantage of the resources available to you. Happy learning!

Fill out this form to Start Learning Polish Today!